Afshar district is situated on the slopes of mount Afshar in West Kabul. The district is predominantly home to Hazara ethnic group. Afshar first came under international attention when on February 11, 1993, forces loyal to Ahmad Shah Massoud and Abdur Rab Rasul Sayyaf entered the suburb, killing - by local accounts - "up to 1,000 civilians", beheading old men, women, children and even their dogs, stuffing their bodies down the wells.(1)
The events took place as a result of fierce clashes between the forces of Hizb e Wahdat and those of Jamiat Islami and Ittihad Islami. According to Human Rights Watch report credible and consistent accounts from several officials who worked in Shura-e Nazar and the interim government reveal that a military campaign against Hizb e Wahdat was planned and approved by officials at the highest levels of Jamiat and Shura-e Nazar, Ittihad, and the Rabbani government. The operation represented not only the largest and most integrated use of military power but also the worst case of human rights voilation undertaken by the Islamic State of Afghanistan, the Rabbani-led government, up to that time. Another factor in the defeat for Hizb Wahdat forces were the Sayed traitors from within the group. The victims of the Afshar incident ranged from infants to 79 year old men. Corpse littered the streets for several days, some were buried and many were eaten by dogs and stray animals. The booming district turned into a ghost town over night. 
Several commanders involved in war crimes and genocide against the residents of Afshar held government offices in the post Taliban transitional and Karzai led government. They include Sayyaf, General Qasim Fahim and most of the commanders loyal to Massoud and Sayyaf.
Today, Afshar resembles a ghost town. Very few of the previous residents have dared to return to their homes.
gerfta shoda az site: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afshar_District
I INTERVIEWS IN DASHT-E BARCHI ( West kabul ) AFGhanistan.
Sultan Ali Kishtmand one of the high ranking officials of people's Democratic Party of Afghanistan). The situation improved greatly. We've witnessed a significant increase among the Hazara intellectuals. The economical condition of our people especially in Kabul improved; a lot of Hazaras were permitted to work in higher ranking offices of the government, I also worked in the ministry of foreign affairs. Despite enmity against communists our situation was much better than before. The idea of the other people also changed toward Hazaras, they begin to consider and treat them as equals not as untouchables. A lot of marriages occurred between Hazaras and other ethnic groups especially with Tajiks. Even my brother's son married a tajik girl.
Q-2: could you pls tell me about other Hazara population and residential areas in Kabul ?
Answer: actually I don't know a lot about the exact number of Hazara population of Kabul, but I think there may be around 45% in Kabul city. Although you may find some Hazara families in different parts of Kabul, the main Hazara residential areas are:
2-Qilai Shahada (80%)
3- Afshar area: (70%) where one of the most horrible massacres of civil war took place. Most of the Hazara population of the area was massacred in 1993, and the area itself heavily damaged, but it has undergone reconstruction in recent years.
4- Chindawel: (70%) this area was burnt during the civil war and all of the inhabitants forced to flee, but most of them returned in recent years.
Q-3: what changes has your area undergone in terms of appearance over the last few decades?
Answer: there are no significant changes regarding the geographical structure of Dasht-e-barchi over last few decades. Although the only major change, is that most parts of the area was destroyed during 1992-95. (Laugh) but fortunately it is rebuilt in recent years by the people not government. But regarding the changes, the former governments paid very little care to us, just few schools and one asphalted road, nothing else. No any other major change or improvement.
Q-4: how many of people who once lived here before the civil war, still remain in Dasht-e-barchi?
Answer: as you know, Dasht-e-barchi and almost the whole west of Kabul was surrounded by different factions of Mujahidin during the civil war. The entire area was heavily damaged and most of its inhabitants were left their homes. Some of them migrated to Iran and Pakistan. Especially after the fall of the west of Kabul in 1995, and murder of Abdul Ali Mazari by Taliban, the majority of Hazaras left Kabul. But after one year especially when the Taliban captured Kabul they began to return to Kabul. Any way I think almost 60 to 70% of them have returned to their homes.
Q-5: Could you pls give me information about the social and political aspects of Hazaras life in recent decades, or to be more precise, about the impacts of different political factions on your family and location. And what drastic changes you've observed during last few decades regarding social and political aspects of life of Hazara people in your location.
Answer: regarding your question, during the reign of king Zahir shah we had enjoyed security and peace. But we have suffered the most from poverty and discrimination. In his reign we were considered as untouchables, we were suffered in all aspects of life. For instance Hazaras like some other ethnic groups were not permitted to join some specific faculties, like faculty of low and politics. Hazaras were not allowed to the high ranking offices of army or governmental offices. I (Ustad Jaafar) was interested to study in the faculty of low and politics, but I was not accepted because I am a Hazara. And they did not want to see a Hazara politician.
How can we forget such humiliation and discrimination? Actually these discriminations and humiliations bore the seed of hatred and revenge in the hearts of Hazaras and I think these are the main causes of all atrocities and disasters of civil war. About the social aspect of life of Hazaras, especially Hazaras of Kabul which we are one of them, from that time even up to now, Islam played a major role in our lives. But as you know Hazaras are Shiite Muslims, while other Afghanistanis are mainly Sunni Muslims, this has created a deep gap or difference between Hazaras and other Afghanistanis. But Hazaras unlike other people of Afghanistan are not hardliner Muslims. I and most of Hazaras are permitting their daughters or sisters to educate. And there is no any restriction for women regarding education or working. But unfortunately bad economical situation and social problems are the main reason for our illiteracy. Any way after communist coup, things changed completely, because for the first time in the history, a Hazara became the Prim minister (
Q-7: how many people did leave their homes? What about you?
Ustad Jaafar and Ali Hussein:
Answer: in Dasht-e-barchi, more than 80% of the people escaped during 1992-95 war. we also forced to leave our home, because it was not secure. On the other hand most parts of the area had been destroyed, I moved to Taimani, where I lived for one year.
Q-8: how was the situation of Hazaras in your area under the Taliban?
Answer: fall of Kabul to Taliban was the beginning of another period of disasters and miseries for us. We've faced with the worst kind of humiliation and miseries in that dark period. As I mentioned already, we are Shiite Muslims and Taliban were hardliner Sunni Muslims, according to them all Shiites are infidels, you can imagine our suffering under Taliban. I think Hazaras has suffered the most rather than other people of Afghanistan under Taliban. Humiliation, murder, aggression were the only way that the Taliban were used to treat us. Their behavior with us was much worse than Mujahidin. They had humiliated us, imprisoned us and tortured us because we are Shiites. Our main problem was Taliban's religious police, every day they were used to come to Hazara residential areas especially Dasht-e-barchi and Qilai Shahada, just to arrest some Hazaras and harass them. Every day they imprisoned two or three Hazara boys even elder people for beard or link to northern alliance or etc. once we went to Mullah Rabani one of Taliban top leaders to complain about Taliban's behavior with Hazaras. But he refused to meet us, his bodyguards told us to leave the compound, when I told them that we are all Muslims why you are treating us so harsh? They said that you are all infidels, and traitors, you are not Afghan, become Muslim or leave Afghanistan. Their humiliation and bad behavior increased day by day. But when they suffered a crushing defeat in Mazar-e-Sharif in 1997, they got wild. One day they rushed in to Dasht-e-barchi and captured a lot of people. They arrested me (Ali Hussein) too and sent me to Pul-e-Charkhi prison. We were 15 prisoners in a very small cell; it was so small that we had to sleep just side by side without any space between us. They gave just one piece of bread to each prisoner in 24 hours. Every night they took one or two prisoners for investigation and used to beat them to death. After one month three of us died because of hunger and beating. The others including me were just looked like skeletons. Among 15 prisoners there were four old men, others were all between 15 to 25 years. After 40 days the Taliban released me with other two old men. Because we were very sick and near to death. My relatives took me to hospital for sever malnutrition and depression. But about the others, as I know two prisoners who were just teenaged boys and my neighbors died in prison later. (Silence).
When the northern alliance captured the city of Bamyan in early 1999, the Taliban arrested a lot of Hazara civilian in Kabul. I was among those doomed prisoners. They had arrested me in Dasht-e-barchi bazaar during shopping. They took me to Pul-e-Charkhi prison. They asked me for weapons, they accused me of having relation with northern alliance. After 28 days of continuous beating and torture, Mullah Malang the commander of prison told me that if I gave my daughter to him in marriage he will rescue me from jail. I refused, because death was much better than such humiliation. Then he came for the second time and threatened me if I refuse he will kill me, but I told him that even if you kill me I will not going to give my daughter to you. At last one of my relatives bribed the Taliban commander and paid him 50000Rs. Then I was released. In fact the situation got worse day by day during the Taliban, but as we are confident that God will not forgive those who committed crimes against God's creatures, Taliban were also perished.
Q-9: what are some of the most difficult time periods you have experienced?
Answer: although our entire life was full of miseries and tragedies, but the most difficult time period of all is from1371 to 1381 (1992-2001). In these years we've lost a lot of friends and family members. I (Ali Hussein) have lost my two cousins, our houses were destroyed, our properties were looted, even we lost our hope for future, our society have changed, most of the ancient values were perished and disappeared under the shadow of war, and at last this war created so many sores and injuries in our society which need time to be cured.
Q-10: Do you want to leave or flee from your country?
Answer: to be honest, No. because we are almost old men, we love here despite all difficulties. This is our country, our pride. We lived here and we want to die here.
Q-11: what do you think about the present situation of Afghanistan and Hazaras?
Answer: although the situation is much better than before, but still it’s a long way to a real peace, I think without very basic reforms it is very hard to achieve a lasting peace. We all believe that without the support of the international community, it is impossible to be hopeful for a bright future.
At the end I thanked them all for their cooperation.